Richard Wiseman in his book 59 Seconds continues to explain the results of experiments on group behavior by explaining ways in which group discussions can lead to individuals dominating group discussions and stifle others. “When strong-willed people lead group discussions they can pressure others into conforming, can encourage self-censorship, and can create an illusion of unanimity.” This quote very accurately explains many of the groups that I was a part of for school projects in high school and college. A single individual can drive the group in the direction they see best while shutting out the ideas of others in the group. This can make the group feel hostile, and can actually reduce creativity.
Being in a group with a strong-willed individual can be uncomfortable for everyone involved. If the group does not lead in the exact direction desired by the strong-willed person, then they will feel betrayed and angry, and the quality of their work and participation will dwindle. I have been part of groups where one person pushes the group in a certain direction, only to have the rest of the group eventually go in another direction and leave them as an outcast.
In terms of creativity, group brainstorming can be one of the least effective ways to come up with creative ideas, and Wiseman’s quote shows why. Self censorship during brainstorming is the opposite of what is desired, but it is often what occurs when a group of individuals get to gather. The strong-willed individual may push people to think in ways that are more aligned with their ideas, and not necessarily the most creative. Those who are more shy may be reluctant to share good ideas in a group because they know that the leaders or their colleagues may not be open to the ideas that they have. Strong-willed individuals can shut them down with as little as a shake of the head or a brief smirk at the mention of an idea that does not align with their thoughts.